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  PROJECT REPORT

ON

“ROLE OF SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT & INTEGRATION FOR NEXT GENERATION CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY AT ESSAR, GUJARAT (MS-100)”

 

SUBMITTED BY

 NAME:                         ……………………

ENROLLMENT NO. : ……………….

 

UNDER GUIDANCE OF

……………………………..

A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements of

Master of Business Administration

In

Operation Management

Indira Gandhi National Open University

Maidan Garhi

New Delhi – 110068

CERTIFICATE OF ORIGINALITY

This is to certify that the project titled “ROLE OF SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT & INTEGRATION FOR NEXT GENERATION CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY AT ESSAR, GUJARAT” is an original work of the Student and is being submitted  SUMEET KUMAR MAISURIA in partial fulfillment for the award of the “MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION (OPERATION MANAGEMENT)” degree of INDIRA GANDHI NATIONAL OPEN UNIVERSITY.  This report has not been submitted earlier either to this University or to any other University/Institution for the fulfillment of the requirement of a course of study.

 

SIGNATURE OF SUPERVISOR                                                       SIGNATURE OF STUDENT                                                    

Place:   New Delhi                                                                                        Place: New Delhi

Date: :    /     /2017                                                                                     Date : :    /     /2017                

 


ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

With Candor and Pleasure I take opportunity to express my sincere thanks and obligation to my esteemed guide ………………………. It is because of his able and mature guidance and co operation without which it would not have been possible for me to complete my project.

It is my pleasant duty to thank all the staff member of the computer center who never hesitated me from time during the project.

Finally, I gratefully acknowledge the support, encouragement & patience of my family, and as always, nothing in my life would be possible without God, Thank You!

NAME:……………………..

ENROLLMENT  NO. : ……………….

 

 

DECLARATION

I hereby declare that this project work titled “ROLE OF SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT & INTEGRATION FOR NEXT GENERATION CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY AT ESSAR, GUJARAT” is my original work and no part of it has been submitted   for any other degree purpose or published in any other from till date.

NAME:………………………

ENROLLMENT  NO. : ……………….

TABLE OF CONTENT

CHAPTER CONTENTS  

 

  Certificate of Originality  
  Acknowledgement  
  Declaration  
  Title of the project  
1 Introduction  
      Company Overview  
2 Review of Literature  
3 Objectives  of  the study  
4 Research Methodology  
5 Data Analysis & Interpretation  
6

7

Findings and Recommendation

Conclusion and Limitation

 

 

 

 

References

Questionnaire

 

 

“ROLE OF SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT & INTEGRATION FOR NEXT GENERATION CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY AT ESSAR, GUJARAT”

 

CHAPTER – 1

INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY

Supply chain management is extremely current due to its success in other industries and therefore considered to be the future in construction industry.  Supply chain management has been in use before the recent hype in the construction industry. Supply chain management (SCM) is a concept that has flourished in manufacturing, originating from Just-In-Time (JIT) production and logistics. Today, SCM represents an autonomous managerial concept, although still largely dominated by logistics. SCM endeavors to observe the entire scope of the supply chain. All issues are viewed and resolved in a supply chain perspective, taking into account the interdependency in the supply chain. SCM offers a methodology to relieve the myopic control in the supply chain that has been reinforcing waste and problems.

Why Supply Chain Management in Construction?

 

Key Components of Supply Chain Strategy-

Strategy supply chain can be considered as comprising the following key components.

  1. Sourcing strategy
  2. Distribution strategy
  3. Inventory strategy
  4. Customer service strategy
  5. Integration strategy
Strategic supply chain Management
Distribution Strategy
Sourcing Strategy
Inventory Strategy
Customer Services Strategy
Integration Strategy

Figure-2 Strategic Supply Chain Module

Sourcing Strategy

Not many organizations go for in-house manufacturing .They rely on sourcing and developing vendors with elaborate systems to check and control quality. Even firms which decide on in- house manufacturing often do not go for manufacturing full range of products to meet total market demand but decide on partial sourcing. Make-and-buy decisions make a significant impact on the cost structure of a company’s products. 

Manufacturing Management –

This functional area decides such issues as to how production should be organized and managed. Traditionally the production planning and control systems have been designed to maximize efficiency of labor and utilization of machines. These considerations are no longer adequate. In a customer focused business world, production processes have to optimize balance between satisfaction and efficiency.

More-or-Buy Decisions-

Traditional approaches on make-or-buy decision have considered such factors as cost of in-house manufacturing. Cost of sourced supplies. Labor cost changes (for reasons of buy decision, sometimes in-house labour become idle), recovery of overheads, underutilized capacity in plant and machinery, transport interruptions, etc. It now also calls for considerations of faster deliveries, easy access for service, repairs and replacements, and customer preferences.

Capacity Management-

This calls for decision to locate plants for in-house processing and suppliers and to fix capacities for both plants and suppliers. Traditionally, the decision on location of plants were taken based on consideration such as cost of land, government subsidies. Cost of power, availability of labour and other manpower, government concessions on sales tax and other statutory levies, industrial relations, etc. Many of these considerations are equally valid today. But more important considerations have emerged. Proximity to customers, costs of distribution, supply channel infrastructure availability, access to service facilities, and access to various modes of transport network, access to IT are the new emerging considerations.

Distribution Strategy-

Evans and Danks (2008) define it as the ‘linkage between the firm’s customers and the sources of its products or services that the firm provides to the marks place. Strategy decision is not only important as it involves consideration of distribution cost which form a significant percentage of total marketing costs. But it also calls for a long-term commitment to certain type of costs associated with a channel of distribution. The distribution strategy has three elements.

Distribution Strategy
Supply Chain Configuration
Channel Selection         
Distribution Planning

Figure -4 Factors of Distribution Strategy

Channel Selection –

A wide choice of Channels is available. These include dealers, manufacturers, stockiest, wholesalers, distribution, and currently, World Wide Web, etc. Choice of an appropriate channel depends on the products or services to be marketed, the volume involved the geographical locations to be covered and the long term business policy of the firm in carrying out marketing functions and exercising controls. Choice of a channel is important as it can directly influence the level of customer service.

Supply Chain Configuration-

A supply chain has a number of participants. Sources of supplies, storage or stocking stations, and distribution channels till he supplies reach to end-customer constitute some of the major participants. Decision on alternatives such as number of participants and their locations have an important bearing on the efficacy of the organization. Supply chain configuration all for determining numbers and location of each of the participants.

It calls for specifying the role of each of the participants. The answers to these questions will take into customers and their geographic locations, cost of transportation, distribution so that supplies reach the destinations on time.

Distribution Planning-

The supplies can be carried through a wide variety of transportation choices. A faster transportation not only helps to achieve a higher level of customer satisfaction in making the supplies available on time but also helps to increase the sales by seizing business opportunities, when there is a sudden rise in demand. To meet these objectives many corporations tend own their own fleet of transport and major factor in a supply chain system. This factor, therefore, seeks to establish the transport mode capacity, location, routing and the schedules of distribution so the supplies reach the destinations on time.

Inventory Strategy-

This constitutes the core of SCM. The major costs of a supply chain, the level of customer satisfaction, the business growth (or fall) are largely influenced by the inventory strategy. There are several issues which are at conflict with each other and are required to be resolved. Higher inventory at several distribution points may, for example, helps in making the goods easily available to customers and result in growth of sales but this will simultaneously increase costs and bring down revenues .Inventory strategy can be considered as comprising three elements.

Demand Forecasting-

This calls for determination of the demand of the products for the period considered. Many products in the market have s seasonal demand which is governed by factors such as festivals, weather (seasons), etc. Many other follow regular cycle. There are products which find market. When there is scarcity of alternatives. Demand planning is needed as it enables the company to organize its sourcing and stocking policies. The economics of a total system can go haywire if demand planning finally finds no resemblance to the actual market conditions. On the other hand an accurate demand forecast will result in totally smooth operations. A number of forecasting tools are available to carry out demand planning in a systematic manner.

Inventory Planning-

Once the demand has been forecast, the organization is called upon to determine levels of production to develop an inventory policy. The latter includes fixing of levels of inventory such as minimum stock, maximum levels of stocks reorder levels, lead time for procurement order level quantities, etc. Inventory planning also includes setting up of procedures and fixing time schedules for monitoring the inventories and exercising controls. Inventory planning is required to be carried at all the channels (stock points) of the supply chain system. In a supply chain system costs of inventory constitute a major overhead. Customer satisfaction on the other hand exacts delivery of goods from ready stock.

Planning of Stocking Facilities-

Adequate stocking facilities are needed for keeping stocks at each of the channel stock stations. The storing facilities should be sufficient to carry the inventory in safe conditions and should be equipped with handling facilities for easy and quick receipts and issues. Besides, the storage facilities should be situated close to the rail/road heads so as to minimize the costs of transportation. Proximity to distribution channels is also desirable as it will reduce the time to carry stock to the sale counters.

ERP
Orders, Items, Routing….
Scheduler
Completions, Materials, Used, Lots, Hours…
Manufacturing Orders, Dispatch Lists….
Execution

 

Figure-6 Supply Chain Scheduling and Execution Model

  Legacy System    
  ERP
Materials plan, Production Plan
Inventory, Bills, Forecast. Customer Order
  Planner
 Latest Build Schedule
Constrained Plan
  Scheduler
  State of Execution on the Shop Floor
 Detailed Resource Dispatch List
   Execution


Definition

There seems to be a universal agreement on what a supply chain is. Jaya shankar et al. defines a supply chain to be a network of autonomous or semi-autonomous business entities collectively responsible for procurement, manufacturing, and distribution activities associated with one or more families of related products.

Lee and Belington has a similar definition:

A supply chain is a network of facilities that procure raw materials, transform them into intermediate goods and then final products, and deliver the products to customers through a distribution system.

And Ganeshan and Harrison has yet another analogous definition:

A supply chain is a network of facilities and distribution options that performs the functions of procurement of materials, transformation of these materials into intermediate and finished products, and the distribution of these finished products to customers.

Figure: An Example of a Supply Chain.

Figure shows an example of a supply chain. Materials flow downstream, from raw material sources through a manufacturing level transforming the raw materials to intermediate products (also referred to as components or parts). These are assembled on the next level to form products. The products are shipped to distribution centers and from there on to manufacturers and customers.

Issues in Supply Chain Management

The classic objective of logistics is to be able to have the right products in the right quantities (at the right place) at the right moment at minimal cost. Figure translates this overall objective into four main areas of concern within supply chain management.
Figure: Hierarchy of Objectives.

The two middle boxes in the lower row of Figure delivery reliability, and delivery times, are both aspects of customer service, which is highly dependent on the first box, flexibility, and on the last box, inventory.

Decisions on Three Levels

Supply chain management decisions are often said to belong to one of three levels; the strategic, the tactical, or the operational level. Since there is no well defined and unified use of these terms, this Section describes the how they are used in this thesis. figure shows the three level of decisions as a pyramid shaped hierarchy. The decisions on a higher level in the pyramid will set the conditions under which lower level decisions are made.

Figure: Hierarchy of Supply Chain Decisions.

On the strategic level long term decisions are made. According to Ganeshan and Harrison], these are related to location, production, inventory, and transportation. Location decisions are concerned with the size, number, and geographic location of the supply chain entities, such as plants, inventories, or distribution centers. The production decisions are meant to determine which products to produce, where to produce them, which suppliers to use, from which plants to supply distribution centers, and so on. Inventory decisions are concerned with the way of managing inventories throughout the supply chain. Transport decisions are made on the modes of transport to use.

Decisions made on the strategic level are of course interrelated. For example decisions on mode of transport are influenced by decisions on geographical placement of plants and warehouses, and inventory policies are influenced by choice of suppliers and production locations. Modeling and simulation is frequently used for analyzing these interrelations, and the impact of making strategic level changes in the supply chain.

On the tactical level medium term decisions are made, such as weekly demand forecasts, distribution and transportation plan, production planning, and materials requirement planning. The operational level of supply chain management is concerned with the very short term decisions made from day to day. The border between the tactical and operational levels is vague. Often no distinction is made, as will be the case in this thesis.

If your system is not performing up to this potential, be sure you have implemented each of the following characteristics of good inventory management:

  1. Protect your company against theft Make sure that the only people in your warehouse belong in your warehouse. Pilferage is a larger problem than most distributors realize.
  2. Establish an approved stock list for each warehouse Most dead inventory is “D.O.A” (dead on arrival). Order only the amount of non-stock or special order items that your customer has committed to buy. Before adding an item to inventory, try to get a purchase commitment from your customer. If this is not possible, inform the salesperson who requests the item that he or she is personally responsible for half the carrying cost of any part of the initial shipment that isn’t sold within nine months.
  3. Assign and use bin locations Assign primary and surplus bin locations for every stocked item. All picking and receiving documents should list the primary bin location (in either characters or a bar code). With correct bin locations on documents, order picking is probably the least complicated job in your warehouse. Assign inexperienced people to this task and your most experienced warehouse workers to receiving inventory and stock management.
  4. Record all material leaving your warehouse There should be appropriate paperwork for every type of stock withdrawal. Under no circumstances should material leave the warehouse without being entered in the computer. Eliminate “no charge/no paperwork” material swaps. Product samples should be charged to a salesperson’s account until they are either returned to stock or charged to the customer.
  5. Process paperwork in a timely manner All printed picking documents should be filled by the end of the day. Stock receipts should be put away and entered in the computer system within 24 hours of arrival.
  6. Set appropriate objectives for your buyers Buyers should be judged and rewarded based on the customer service level, inventory turns, and return on investment for the product lines for which they are responsible.
  7. Make sure every employee is aware of the cost of bad inventory management Inventory loss through theft, breakage, or loss must be paid for with net profit dollars. If your net profit before taxes is 4%, it takes $2,500 in new sales to make up for a $100 merchandise loss!
  8. Ensure that stock balances are accurate and will remain accurate Implement a comprehensive cycle counting program. A good cycle counting program can replace your traditional year-end physical inventory.
  9. Determine the most advantageous replenishment path for each item in each warehouse Assign one of these “paths” to each item in each warehouse:
    1. Distributive purchasing The warehouse replenishes stock with a purchase order issued directly to the vendor
    2. Central Warehousing The stock of one warehouse is replenished with a stock transfer from a central warehouse
    3. Cooperative Purchasing Several branches “pool” their needs and issue one vendor purchase order in order to meet the vendor minimum order within a reasonable amount of time
  10. Specify guidelines for setting the reorder method another purchasing parameters to maximize inventory turns and minimize stock outs:
    1. Minimum/Maximum quantities
    2. Economic order quantities
    3. Order up to a specific stock level
    4. Safety stock quantities
    5. Preseason buys

ABOUT LOGISTICS:

Logistics is the art and science of managing and controlling the flow of goods, energy, information and other resources like products, services, and people, from the source of production to the marketplace. It is difficult to accomplish any marketing or manufacturing without logistical support. It involves the integration of information, transportation, inventory, warehousing, material handling, and packaging. The operating responsibility of logistics is the geographical repositioning of raw materials, work in process, and finished inventories where required at the lowest cost possible.

Components of Logistical System-

Five components combine to form a logistical system. These are:

  1. Facility structure,
  2. Transportation,
  3. Inventory,
  4. Communication and IT, and
  5. Warehousing and Packaging

SWOT Analysis for Micro-Level Components-

Facility Structure-

Strengths Weakness Opportunities Threats
Vast geographical area for design of distribution network Inadequate facilities

 

 

Need to develop a total system network Clustering of facilities
Land cost generally not high Facilities location decisions are not professionally taken Optimal location of facilities Congestion pollution


Inventory Control-

Strengths Weakness Opportunities Threats
Indigenous supply of material possible of most case Excessive lead time Lead time

Reduction

Shortages
Materials cost a major factor

 

Uncertain Vendors Source development Black-marketing
Knowledge base exists Excess variety Vendor rating
Too much dead stock

Low inventory turnover ratio

Demand uncertainties Record keeping poor quality – assurance problems inflationary pressures.


Warehousing and Packaging-

Strengths Weakness Opportunities Threats
Technology base Package poor Value analysis in packaging mechanization Hazards
Manufacturing base Excessive packaging

Cost

Automation Pilferage
Manpower base Insufficient storage with excessive retrieval time Store layout planning Budget constraint for

AS/RS

Lot of challenge for improvement Poor housekeeping, low technology Improved work environment Maintenance of mechanized system
Damage during Storage

 

 

WAREHOUSING

Warehouse is the location to or from which the inventory is transported. Warehouses are the key driver of supply chain performance in terms of responsiveness and efficiency. Before deciding the location of Warehouses we must consider the following points:

  • Location of our stores
  • Rent of the location
  • Format of our retailing

 

INVENTORY MANAGEMENT

OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT:

 

COMPANY PROFILE:

 

 

 

CHAPTER – 2

REVIEW OF LITERATURE

 

 

 

 

 


CHAPTER – 3

OBJECTIVES OF  THE STUDY

 

 

 

CHAPTER – 4

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

RESEARCH DESIGN:

The first step in developing any sample design is to clearly define the set of objects, as my study is exploratory, the sampling design includes three decisions i.e. sampling unit, Sample size & Sampling procedure.

METHOD  USE TO CLASSIFY DATA:

The data was collected using both by primary data collection methods as well as secondary sources.

DATA COLLECTION APPROACH

The base on which a study rests is the information that is embedded in it. The data for this study was obtained as a blend of both Secondary and Primary sources.

PRIMARY DATA: Most of the information was gathered through primary source.  The methods that were collected primary data are:

Structured Interview

SECONDARY DATA: The secondary data was collected through:

  • Internet sites
  • Books and article on Supply Chain Management.

SAMPLE SIZE: 100

Universe:

Various Divisions/ Departments under

ESSAR Company, Gujarat

CONVENIENT SAMPLING: it is that type of sampling where the researcher selects the sample according to his or her convenience.

TOOL OF ANALYSIS:

Data collection was done through questionnaire. The Ms-word & Ms-Excel software was used to analyze the data. Different types of graphs & Charts were used to interpretation the findings diagrammatically. They are:

  • Pie Charts
  • Bar Graphs
  • Likert scale Method

 

 

CHAPTER – 5

DATA ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION

Evaluation of the Study:-

 

Q1. How successful do you think is your company in managing its supply chain in general?

Criteria Frequency Percentage
Not successful at all 6 6%
Not successful 8 8%
Somewhat successful 28 28%
Successful 40 40%
Very successful 18 18%

ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION:-

As shown by the pie chart, 40% of respondent Successful think is your company in managing its supply chain in general, 28% of respondent somewhat successful, 18% of respondent Very successful, 8% not successful and 6% of not successful at all.

Q2. Does your company have a separate logistics or Inventory department?

Criteria Frequency Percentage
Yes 90 90%
NO 10 10%

 ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION:-

As shown by the graph, 90% of respondent think company has a separate logistics or Inventory department, 10% of respondent not think like that.

Q3. Does your company have a clear SCM and operation strategic plan?

Criteria Frequency Percentage
Yes 94 94%
No 6 6%

ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION:-

As shown by the graph, 94% of respondent think company has a clear SCM and operation strategic plan, 6% of respondent not think like that.

Q4. How satisfied are you with the current inventory policy regarding SCM?

Criteria Frequency Percentage
Not at all 6 6%
Somewhat 12 12%
Satisfied 56 56%
Quite satisfied 24 24%
Very satisfied 12 12%

 ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION:-

As shown by the pie chart, 56% of respondent satisfied with the current inventory policy regarding SCM, 24% of respondent quite satisfied, 12% of respondent Very satisfied, 12% Somewhat and 6% of respondent Not at all.

Q5. Is supply chain management having all the address of the developer branches of the company?

Criteria Frequency Percentage
Yes 78 78%
NO 22 22%

 ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION:-

As shown by the graph, 78% of respondent think supply chain management having all the address of the developer branches of the company, 22% of respondent not agrees with it.

Q6. Rate the working strategies of supply chain management department on the basis of the current programs?

Criteria Frequency Percentage
Outstanding 12 12%
Excellent 10 10%
Good 48 48%
Average 30 30%

 ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION:-

As shown by the pie chart, 48% of respondent feel good working strategies of supply chain management department on the basis of the current programs, 30% of respondent Average, 12% of respondent Outstanding, 10% Excellent.

Q7. Is the supply chain management department is having sufficient transportation and capacity?

Criteria Frequency Percentage
Yes 92 92%
Not sufficient 8 8%


ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION:-

As shown by the graph, 92% of respondent think supply chain management department is having sufficient transportation and capacity, and 8% of respondent think not sufficient.

Q8. Choose the right option, where the supply chain department is facing problem in taking care of the raw material?

Criteria Frequency Percentage
During storage 34 34%
Packaging 30 30%
Testing of packaging 14 14%
Evaluation of defective raw material 22 22%


ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION:-

As shown by the pie chart, 34% of respondent feel during storage, 30% of respondent Packaging, 14% of respondent Testing of packaging, 22% Evaluation of defective raw material.

Q9. How do you rate the delivery activity and Inventory management of the department?

Criteria Frequency Percentage
Excellent 12 12%
Very effective 28 28%
Good 40 40%
Average 20 20% 


ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION:-

As shown by the pie chart, 40% of respondent feel Good delivery activity and Inventory management of the department, 28% of respondent Very effective, 20% of respondent Average, 12% Excellent.

Q10. Is there any case recorded by the supply chain department in which the production department complained late delivery of raw materials?

Criteria Frequency Percentage
Yes 16 16%
No 84 84%


ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION:-

As shown by the graph, 84% of respondent think No, and 16% of respondent think yes.

Q11. Choose the right option, where the supply chain department is facing problem in taking care of the raw material in Essar?

Criteria Frequency Percentage
During storage 26 26%
Packaging 22 22%
Testing of packaging 34 34%
Evaluation of defective raw material 18 18%


ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION:-

As shown by the pie chart, 34% of respondent choose Testing of packaging, 26% of respondent said during storage, 22% of respondent choose Packaging, and 18% of respondent choose Evaluation of defective raw material.

Q12. Is there any case recorded by the supply chain department of Essar in which the production department complained late delivery of raw materials?

Criteria Frequency Percentage
Yes 22 22%
No 78 78%

 

ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION:-

As shown by the graph, 78% of respondent said No, and 22% of respondent said yes.

Q13. According to the current growth process of the Essar, which of the following needs much attention and progress to boost the production?

Criteria Frequency Percentage
Operational activities 30 30%
Tactical activities 36 36%
Current programming strategies 34 34%


ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION:-

As shown by the pie chart, 36% of respondent feel Tactical activities the current growth process of the Essar, which is needs much attention and progress to boost the production, 34% of respondent said Current programming strategies, 30% of respondent feel Operational activities.

Q14. Are you happy with the SCM of Essar?

Criteria Frequency Percentage
Yes 86 86%
No 14 14%


ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION:-

As shown by the graph, 86% of respondent feel happy with the SCM of Essar and 14% of respondent not happy with the SCM of Essar.

 

 

CHAPTER – 6

MAJOR FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATION

The findings of the study of “ROLE OF SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT & INTEGRATION FOR NEXT GENERATION CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY AT ESSAR, GUJARAT”.

  • 40% of respondent Successful think is your company in managing its supply chain in general, 28% of respondent somewhat successful, 18% of respondent Very successful, 8% not successful and 6% of not successful at all.
  • 90% of respondent think company has a separate logistics or Inventory department, 10% of respondent not think like that.
  • 94% of respondent think company has a clear SCM and operation strategic plan, 6% of respondent not think like that.
  • 56% of respondent satisfied with the current inventory policy regarding SCM, 24% of respondent quite satisfied, 12% of respondent Very satisfied, 12% Somewhat and 6% of respondent Not at all.
  • 78% of respondent think supply chain management having all the address of the developer branches of the company, 22% of respondent not agrees with it.
  • 48% of respondent feel good working strategies of supply chain management department on the basis of the current programs, 30% of respondent Average, 12% of respondent Outstanding, 10% Excellent.
  • 92% of respondent think supply chain management department is having sufficient transportation and capacity, and 8% of respondent think not sufficient.
  • 34% of respondent feel during storage, 30% of respondent Packaging, 14% of respondent Testing of packaging, 22% Evaluation of defective raw material.
  • 40% of respondent feel Good delivery activity and Inventory management of the department, 28% of respondent Very effective, 20% of respondent Average, 12% Excellent.
  • 84% of respondent think No, and 16% of respondent think yes.
  • 34% of respondent choose Testing of packaging, 26% of respondent said during storage, 22% of respondent choose Packaging, and 18% of respondent choose Evaluation of defective raw material.
  • 78% of respondent said No, and 22% of respondent said yes.
  • 36% of respondent feel Tactical activities the current growth process of the Essar, which is needs much attention and progress to boost the production, 34% of respondent said Current programming strategies, 30% of respondent feel Operational activities.
  • 86% of respondent feel happy with the SCM of Essar and 14% of respondent not happy with the SCM of Essar.


CHAPTER –7

 

CONCLUSION AND LIMITATION

CONCLUSION

 

 

 

 

LIMITATION OF THE STUDY:

  • There may be lack of time on the part of respondents.
  • There may be some bias information provided by company professionals.
  • As only single area will be surveyed or covered, it does not represent the overall view of each field.
  • It is very much possible that some of the respondents may give the incorrect information.

 

REFERENCES

  1. ANON., 2004. Supply Chain Management. Constructing excellence. pp.1-4
  2. ANON., 2005. Nec3 engineering and construction contract. 9th ed. London: Thomas Telford
  3. BRISCOE, G. and DAINTY, A., 2005. Construction Supply Chain Integration: an Elusive Goal?. Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, 10(4), pp. 319-325.
  4. COX, A., 1999. Power, Value and Supply Chain Management. Supply Chain Management: An International journey, 4(4), pp.167-175.
  5. DAVIS, P. and LOVE, P. 2010. Alliance contracting: adding value through relationship development. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management. 18(5), pp.444-461
  6. HILLBRANDT, P., CANNON, J. and LANSLEY, P., 1995. The Construction Industry – In and Out of Recession. Basingstoke: Macmillan.
  7. KELLY, J., MORLEDGE, R., and WILKINSON, S., 2002. Best Value in Construction. 1st ed. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.
  8. KHALFAN, M. and MCDERMOTT, P., 2007. Integrated Supply Chain – An Example from the UK Construction Industry. The construction and building research conference of the Royal Institute of Chartered Surveyor, 1(1), pp.1-13.
  9. PRYKE, S., 2009. Construction Supply Chain Management. 1st ed. Chichester: Blackwell Publishing.
  10. www.essar.com.

 

QUESTIONNAIRE

DEAR RESPONDENTS

I am a student doing MBA. I am underlying a project named “ROLE OF SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT & INTEGRATION FOR NEXT GENERATION CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY AT ESSAR, GUJARAT”. So by filling this questionnaire please help me in completing my research project.

Name              : ……………………………….

Age                 : ……………………………….

Address          : ……………………………….

Gender           : ……………………………….

Designation    : ……………………………….

Contact No.    : ……………………………….

Q1. How successful do you think is your company in managing its supply chain in general?

  • Not successful at all
  • Not successful
  • Somewhat successful
  • Successful
  • Very successful

Q2. Does your company have a separate logistics or Inventory department?

  • Yes
  • NO

Q3. Does your company have a clear SCM and operation strategic plan?

  • Yes
  • NO

Q4. How satisfied are you with the current inventory policy regarding SCM?

  • Not at all
  • Somewhat
  • Satisfied
  • Quite satisfied
  • Very satisfied

Q5. Is supply chain management having all the address of the developer branches of the company?

  • Yes
  • NO

Q6. Rate the working strategies of supply chain management department on the basis of the current programs?

  • Outstanding
  • Excellent
  • Good
  • Average

Q7. Is the supply chain management department is having sufficient transportation and capacity?

  • Yes
  • Not sufficient

Q8. Choose the right option, where the supply chain department is facing problem in taking care of the raw material?

  • During storage
  • Packaging
  • Testing of packaging
  • Evaluation of defective raw material

Q9. How do you rate the delivery activity and Inventory management of the department?

  • Excellent
  • Very effective
  • Good
  • Average

Q10. Is there any case recorded by the supply chain department in which the production department complained late delivery of raw materials?

  • Yes
  • No

Q11. Choose the right option, where the supply chain department is facing problem in taking care of the raw material in Essar?

  • During storage
  • Packaging
  • Testing of packaging
  • Evaluation of defective raw material

Q12. Is there any case recorded by the supply chain department of Essar in which the production department complained late delivery of raw materials?

  • Yes
  • NO

Q13. According to the current growth process of the Essar, which of the following needs much attention and progress to boost the production?

  • Operational activities
  • Tactical activities
  • Current programming strategies

Q14. Are you happy with the SCM of Essar?

  • Yes
  • No