1. Understanding the significance of a Project Report
Many learners underestimate the significance of a project report and make a mistake of
thinking that excellent marks can be scored by simply producing a good lay-out. This is
fundamentally not the case as many projects are graded well below their potential because
of an indifferent or poor write-up. In order to acquire the right balance, a learner should
consider the aim behind making a good project. It provides the opportunity for a learner
to demonstrate independence and originality, to plan and organize the project work, and
to put into practice some of the techniques a learner has been taught throughout the
2. Meaning of a Project
The word project actually means something that comes before anything else is done. A
project can be defined as a temporary endeavour undertaken to achieve a particular aim or
it is a study of factual information for comprehending and applying the various concepts of
the course into practice. In simple words, a project can be understood as mentioned under:
_ It is a practice of verification or demonstration of concepts or hypotheses or processes
_ It is also a technique of self-learning, learning by doing. It has a practical value.
_ The purpose of project is not to generalize but to study the situation with a practical
3. Application of Research Methodology to Project Work
SCDL allows learners to take up any topic of their interest and choice for project work.
However, learners should bear in mind that project topic should be relevant in their area of
specialization. For example, the learners of PGDBA (Marketing) should carry out their
project work only in the functional areas of Marketing or PGDIT learners should select
topics from their area of choice.
Although an illustrative list of the topics is being given at the end in order to give an
idea about project topics or titles of the project, learners are nevertheless advised not
to restrict themselves only to the topics specified. SCDL gives liberty to choose any
topic relevant to a learner’s specialization.
Steps in Research Process
Defining the problem and Project Objectives
Designing Project Plan
Analysis of Data
Interpretation and reporting the findings
Projects can be guided by any Post Graduate degree holder with/without a Doctorate
Degree working in an academic institution (preferably teaching MBA /Management
course) or a person working in the managerial cadre in any industrial/business /IT
organization. Learners must take advice and suggestions from their guides from time to
5. Project Proposal
Once the learner decides the Project topic, he/she should prepare a proposal as per the
format given in the next page. This format should be considered as ANNEXURE 1 of the
Project report by the learners. The Proposal should not be more than 5 to 6 pages. In other
words, the project proposal need not be sent separately.
6.Format of Proposal
Name of theLearner……………………………………………
Registration No. ……………………………………………..
Proposal must carry the following information
_ Title of the Project
_ Need for the topic
_ Methodology and Procedure of Work
_ Statistical Techniques to be used(If any)
_ Detailed Information of Guide: Name, Address, Qualification, Designation, Special
Field of Work, Experience, Any Other Important Information
7. Technical specifications of the project report
_ Paper : A4 size Bond Paper only(11″x 8.5″)
_ Fonts : Times New Roman , 12 font size, ‘1.5’ spacing
_ Margin : Left 35 mm , Right 20mm , Top 35mm , Bottom 20mm
_ Binding : Rexin Black Bound or Plastic & spiral bound
_ First (preliminary)page should have the following information:
i) Top : The Title in BLOCK CAPITALS
ii) Centre : Full name of the student in Capital letters and Registration Number
iii) Bottom : Name of the Institute(i.e. SCDL), in Block Capitals, and the Academic year
8. Instructions for the preparation of hard copy of the project report
Learners should note the following important points regarding project work:
_ The title of the project-report should not be the same as the objectives, as there can be more
than one objective for a particular study.
_ Each objective will have at least one or more findings and suggestions.
_ Each objective must have relevant questions in the questionnaire and/or interview
_ Learner must ensure adequate coverage of the topic in general and objectives in particular.
_ Coloured figures/diagrams/graphs/tables will add value to the presentation of the report.
Every table and diagrammatic representation should have a serial number and a caption.
_ All Project reports are to be sent by post or delivered personally at the address of SCDL
main campus.Learners should submit thedraft of the project report to the Project Guide
before the final submission and make the necessary changes, corrections as suggested by
_ Project Report should be of minimum 65 pages for all two year
programs and of 30 pages for all one year programs.(Not applicable for PGDIT/PGDID)
Learners have to strictly follow the deadline for submission of the project report. Project
reports received after the deadline will not be evaluated.
(a) For two year programs, the Project report must be submitted within three months after
completion of the fourth semester. As far as PGDIT program is concerned, Part A of the
project report should be submitted within three months after completion of the third
semester and Part B of the project report within three months after completion of the
fourth semester. For one year programs, the project report must be submitted within three
months after completion of the second semester. As far as CPED (which is only a one
semester) program is concerned, the project report should be submitted within two months
after completion of the semester.
(b) While sending the project report to Symbiosis Centre for Distance Learning (SCDL),
please mention (on the top of the envelope) “PROJECT REPORT for program………..”.
(c) In addition to these general guidelines, learners of PGDIT and PGDID must also refer
to the guidelines specific to their programs as given in Annexures ‘A’ and ‘B’.
9.No Objection Certificate
If the project is carried out in an organization, a certificate of the CEO or any other
authorized person of the organization is necessary, mentioning that the organization has no
objection in publishing the findings of the project study.
The certificate should bear the name of the authority with signature and company stamp.
Alternatively, the certificate should be given on the company’s letterhead and signed by the
company’s authorized person.
9(a) FOR EMPLOYED LEARNERS
NO OBJECTION CERTIFICATE
This is to certify that ………..(learner’s name) is an employee of this
institute/organization for the past …………
We have no objection for him/her to carry out a project work titled “…………………” in our
organization and for submitting the same to the Director, SCDL as a part of fulfilment of
We wish him/her all the success.
Seal of the company Signature of the competent authority
of the Institute / Organization
9 (b) FOR NON EMPLOYED LEARNERS
NO OBJECTION CERTIFICATE
This is to certify that ………..(learner’s name) is permitted to use relevant data/information of
this organization for his/her project in fulfilment of the ……………..Program.
We wish him/her all the success.
Seal of the company Signature of the competent authority
of the Institute / Organization
CERTIFICATE/DECLARATION REGARDING ORIGINALITY
This is to be given by the learner and the supervisor (guide) indicating that this project work is
original and submitted for the first time.
9(c) DECLARATION BY THE LEARNER
This is to declare that I have carried out this project work myself in part fulfilment of the
…………..Program of SCDL.
The work is original, has not been copied from anywhere else and has not been submitted to any
other University/Institute for an award of any degree/diploma.
9(d) CERTIFICATE OF SUPERVISOR(GUIDE)
Certified that the work incorporated in this Project Report……………..(Title) submitted by
……………..(Learner’s name) is his/her original work and completed under my supervision.
Material obtained from other sources has been duly acknowledged in the Project Report
Date: Signature of Guide:
10. Chapterisation (For Programs other than PGDIT/PGDID)
i) No Objection Certificate
ii) Declaration By The Learner
iii) Certificate By The Supervisor
Chapters Page Nos.
2. Objectives and Scope………………………………………
3. Limitations ………………………………………………….
4. Theoretical Perspective……………………
5. Methodology and Procedure of Work …………
6. Analysis of Data…………………………………………….
7. Findings, Inferences and Recommendations…………………
9. Summary of the Project Report
III) List of Figures, Charts, Diagrams……………………………
IV) List of Tables ………………………………………………
(Note: The “No Objection” Certificate and the Declaration Certificate of the learner and the
supervisor will be a part of the hard bound Project Report.)
11. Scheme of Assessment and Evaluation of Project
Sr. No. Item of Assessment
1. Area and topic selected for the project work
2 . Need of the project topic and statement of objectives of the project work
3 . Methodology and procedure of the project work
4 . Tools of data collection
5 . Presentation of collected data tabulation, diagrams, graphs etc.in a concise form
6. Analysis of data
7 . Use of statistical techniques for analyzing of data
8. Findings, inferences, their educational implications and recommendations.
9 . Preliminary pages of the project report , typing, binding and get-up of the report
10 Overall impression about the project work and its presentation in the report form
11 If the project has any relevance to the existing job profile, a learner has to furnish a
feedback from his/her immediate superior as to why/how the particular topic has been
chosen by the concerned learner and what value it would add in general or in particular.
12. Selection of Project Topic
The project can be selected in various ways like
_ Select a company / organization / institute concerned
_ Discuss with concerned persons, your specific requirements and select the subject/topic in
_ Discuss with your faculty concerned, before making a choice of your subject/topic.
_ Consult experts in the field to make a right choice of the subject.
_ Study various articles / news items etc. appearing in dailies, weekly, monthly magazines to
look for a desired topic.
_ Discussions with the relevant firm may help select a proper topic.
_ A critical eye can help you spot the right topic for your project.
13. Suggested List of Topics for Project Work
The brand loyalty of the carbonated drinks
The taste and preferences of the hostel food
The preferred brand of vodka
Emerging trends in retailing
Effective brand management
Service industry in India
Reasons for brand failure
Analysis of sales promotion and advertising strategies
CRM in India
Psychology of Indian consumer
Survey on Consumer Choices of different brands of two-wheelers in Pune
Market Potential for Logistics Business in Pune city
Brand Equity in select FMGC products in Mumbai city
Service Quality and Consumer satisfaction of Maruti Service Centres
A Study on Marketing Strategies of HLL in South India
(A Case Study)
Impulse Buying Behaviour of Customers in Delhi
Human Resource Management
Philosophy and Management of Human Resources in select large sized Indian Industries
Leadership styles – A comparison of Indian and Foreign Banks in Pune
Job satisfaction and Job involvement of employees in select Textile Mills in Gujarat
Status of Industrial Relations and Implementation of Labour Welfare
Measures in select Oil Mines
HR Practices and Organizational Strategies in select IT companies in India
360 degree appraisal in ABC Corporation
Potential appraisal in Maruti Udyog
Strikes and lockouts in ABC
Cross cultural issues in HR
Transfer and Promotional Strategies
Investment Analysis and Portfolio Management
Securities, Markets and Financial Institutions
Capital Markets, Financial Intermediation, and Investment Analysis
Corporate Financial Problems
Field Study in Insurance sector
Portfolio Management for Governmental and Non-Profit Organizations in India
Debt Management and Capital Financing in ABC
Mergers & Acquisitions
Investment Feasibility study
Future of derivatives in India
Study of growth prospects of Mutual Funds in India
Banking Sector – PSUs are here to stay
Stock exchange related issues
Production /Operations Management
Comparison between Product Layout and
Process Layout in an organisation
Cost Analysis of Layout
To study and analyse systematic layout procedure in a plant
Study of Production, Planning and Control in an organisation
An analysis of Demand and Capacity
A study of Planning Strategies in public sector
A study of JIT in a government organization
KANBAN-An Integrated JIT System in a Japanese company
Six sigma applications
Developing an analytical CRM model for a wholesale dealer
CRM plan at an electronic shop a study
Identifying weaknesses in a CRM system in a super-market in Pune.
Strength and weakness of an FMCG company
Scope for strengthening a CRM program in a computer training
Marketing the effectiveness of a CRM system of an IT company
A study of CRM system in international banking organization
Factors that will strengthen the CRM system in the public sector
The CRM system in an organization India company – a detailed
How to make awareness about the requirement of a useful CRM
system in service sector
International Business Management
Impact of Sep 11 on World Trade Centre
Disequilibrium in Balance Of Payments in Trade
Organization and Structure of Foreign Exchange market
India’s Foreign Trade with MNC
International trade of cosmetics
Export of tea
Impact of FDI on Indian organization
Chinese products in Indian market
Prospects of exporting dry fruit in international market
Term plan of Kotak Mahendra
Life insurance for accidents
Retirement solution of ICICI and planning
Cargo insurance in India
Motor vehicle insurance and its impact on people
Benefits of “Home and family protector insurance policy
Personal Accident Claim
Gramin Personal Accident Insurance
Passenger Flight Insurance
Rajrajeshwari Mahila Kalyan Bima Yojna
Bhagyashree Vima Yojna
Rasta Appatti Kavach Yojna
Fire insurance of Properties
& Scope of Fire Insurance
To identify significance of CRM in retail sector
A study of automotive retail management structure in an organization
To find out the role of SCM in an organization
To understand retail store operations in ABC
To evaluate retail strategies of a mall
To understand role of applied retail research in an organization
To analyse visual merchandising and space planning in a mall
To analyse promotional tactics in retail sector
A detailed study of relation between location and retailing
Supply Chain Management
Deploying SAP-Managing Master Data to maximize value of SCM
From Logistics to Supply Chain Management with SAP at Pepsi
Supply Chain Management in the Manufacturing Industry
Inventory management across the Supply Chain
Supply Chain performance measures at Parle
JIT perspective on inventory Management in ABC Corporation
Managing Information Technologies across Supply Chain in GATI
Diagnosing and improving Supply Chain information flows in Blue Dart
Supply Chain Challenges at malls
Sales and Operations Planning at malls
Product Customization within the Supply Chain
Strategies for Business Process Improvement
Guidelines specific to PGDIT Learners
1. Learners have to carry out computerization / automation of any
business process as a part of this project. They may choose any manual system or may
carry modification to the existing applications.
2. Learners are required to complete the project in two parts, part A and B.
Part A (Semester III) Analysis and Design, covers the following
_ Survey Phase / Study
3. Learners have to send survey phase (soft copy) document by August 12, 2007 to SCDL
with their name, title of the project, course name, registration number clearly marked on it
.SCDL will approve the document and intimate the learners. Learners are then required to
submit Analysis and Design (i.e. the remaining part of Part A of the project) for approval
before the end of the semester.
4. Based on the feedback, a learner has to modify the design and develop the project.
Learners should submit a softcopy in MS-office format (Word Document, PPT-diagram) at
Part B (Semester IV) covers the code design, Implementation
5. After the completion of the entire project of (Semester III and Semester IV) every learner
has to submit a hard copy of the complete project report in a combined form to SCDL
main campus address. Similarly, a soft copy has to be sent on the e-mail ID mentioned
BODY OF TEXT
Part A (Semester III)
a. Survey Phase/ Study:
_ Existing system: – Explains the functionality (of existing system)
_ System Requirements:- features desired in new system
_ Context Diagram
_ Data flow Diagram (Level I, II, III)
_ Functional decomposition
c. Design (System design):
_ ER Diagram
_ Data Dictionary
_ Table Design
_ Input forms Design
_ Report Layouts
Part B (Semester IV)
7. The code design and implementation
Learners have to develop the code for the forms and reports designed
during Semester III. They will be assessed on the basis of
_ Quality of code
_ Input data validations
_ Quality of report
Note: Learners of PGDIT are requested to retain a soft copy
of the project prepared in Semester III as it will be required
for pursuing further project work for Semester IV.
8. CHAPTERISATION (Project I – Semester III)
Chapter 1: Introduction
_ Existing system
_ Scope of project
_ Model, if any
Chapter 2: Survey
_ Sources of Data Collection
_ Methods of Data Collection
_ System Requirements
Chapter 3: Analysis
_ Context diagram
_ Data flow diagram (Level I, II, III)
_ Functional decomposition
Chapter 4: Design
_ ER diagram
_ Data dictionary
_ Table design
_ Input forms design
_ Report layouts
Chapter 5: Implementation (Project II – Semester IV)
_ Data Validation
_ Sample Code
Chapter 6: Future Enhancement
B. Input Screens
C. Sample Reports
9.Suggested list of topics for the Project Report
_ Student Information System such as enrolment process, fee status,
assignment status, exams status, degree/diploma processing.
_ Online examination system such as generation of question bank,
question paper, score card etc.
IT in HR application such as payroll system, performance appraisal,
recruitment, leave management etc.
ERP in Logistics/Transportation Management
MIS in Traffic Management
Data processing in Warehouse Management
Design/Development of novel IT system
Knowledge Management and IT
Role of IT in Project Management
SAP System/Vendor Selection
Security and role of IT
Guidelines specific to PGDID Learners
1. Objective of PGDID Project
To develop skills, insights, and understandings of the basics to instructional design
concepts, models, theories and principles combined with creativity, with emphasis on
development of instructionally sound storyboards / scripts.
2. All learners of PGDID program have to submit two projects, one in Semester I and the
other in Semester II
SCDL allows learners to take –up any topic of their interest and choice for Project 1.
However, learners should bear in mind that the project topic should be relevant to
Instructional Designing. Although an illustrative list of the topics is given in order to give
an idea about project topics or titles of the project, learners are nevertheless advised not to
restrict themselves only to the topics mentioned here for Project Work as SCDL gives
liberty to choose any topic relevant to Instructional Design.
3. List of Topics for Project (1) Work (First Semester)
1. Teaching Computer Basics to (a)adult (b)child
2. Teaching Environmental Science
(a) Global Warming
(c) Contagious Disease
(d) Green House Effect
3. Induction And Training Program for Top Management, Middle Management and Lower
4. Needs Analysis for Call Centre/Training and Development Company
5. Teaching Basics of Grammar to Primary, Middle and Senior Class
6. Interview Basics
7. Stress Management
Note: As Project 1, every learner is supposed to write a detailed note
(15-20 pages) on any one of the above topics or any other topic
relevant to the application of Instructional Design
4. As far as Project 2 (second semester) is concerned, raw contents
on three topics for creating storyboard/script is provided by SCDL on website
www.scdl.net. Learners need to select any one topic to create a storyboard/script.
Learner may choose to create either a storyboard or a script on any one of the topic. Both
formats serve the same purpose, and include the same descriptive elements, but vary in
their layout and treatment of graphics. Sample storyboard and sample script is provided in
Lesson 12: Visualization & Storyboarding of SLMS is also online in the topic chosen .
a) Storyboards use rough sketches or clip art to visually depict required art elements.
b) Scripts use verbal descriptions of on-screen graphical items.
5. Creating Storyboard
c) Learner is supposed to create the storyboard using PowerPoint application (ppt file)
Naming the file: Learners should use their registration number to name the file. e.g.
d) Alternatively learner can submit a hand-written storyboard, for which they need to follow
the format provided in the Self learning material (Annexure B, Page 169). In this format,
the page is divided into two parts. Learners may show the placement of text, graphics,
instructional text etc. at the initial part of their project and they can write the instructions
meant for the graphic artist and the programmer at the end of their project. The learners
may also write additional text or the text that needs to appear on navigations like click, rollover,
drag and drop, etc.
6. Creating Script
e) Learner is supposed to create the storyboard using MS-Word application (doc file).
Naming the file: Learners should use their registration number to name the file.e.g.
f ) Alternatively, a learner can submit a hand-written script, but they need to follow the
format provided in Annexure A (Page 157) of the SLM.
g) Softcopies of Project 1 and 2 are to be submitted at email@example.com to SCDL. Apart
from soft copy, after the completion of the entire project of (Semester III and Semester IV)
every learner has to submit a hard copy of the complete project report in a combined form
to SCDL main campus address.
Please note that the name of the file should be learner’s registration
number. e.g.: 200500002.doc
h) Learners are required to retain one copy of the project with them.
1. Understanding the significance of a Project Report